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THE WHY'S and HOW'S OF SHADE SAIL SHAPES AND MEASURING



Since tension is very important to longevity the goal is to have a sail that looks good and is tensioned well. We have tried to make this as uncomplicated as we can and hope this will help you understand why we are requiring some information, and how it is used to make very good shade sails.

WE DO NOT MAKE SHADE SAILS WITH STRAIGHT EDGES!



Understanding why the sails have a parabolic curve on each side.

It is important to understand that all our shade sails have parabolic curved edges. Without a curve it would not be possible to obtain good tension on the shade sail.

The curve is concave (inward) and at the midpoint would be about 5% of the length of the side. As the shade sail is tensioned this reduces to between 2% and 4% - depending on the tension.

For this purpose we will use a square as an example but the principle is the same for all shapes.
  1. The distance between any two mounting points has to be reduced (in the direction of tension) by sufficient to fit a turnbuckle and D shackle at each end.
  2. If the point to point was 1000 cm it would be reduced by 32 cm at each end meaning that side of the shade sail would be 936 cm
  3. If the 936 cm was straight then when tensioned is applied the effect is to stretch the webbing - nothing else!
  4. When a 5% radius is added the center point of the curve would be 46 cm form the hypothetical line between the points
  5. Although the point to point dimension remains the same the length of the webbing increases because it is now the length of the curve
  6. Now when tension is applied the effect is to pull this side into a straight line
  7. This means the distance between the opposite sides is growing thus tensioning the shade sail.


All a bit confusing? It will all make sense when you click on the image below and see the animation of the tightening of the turnbuckles tensioning the shade sail.
Video Thumbnail

IT IS GOOD TO DO WHAT WE SAY - IT WORKS VERY WELL!

This architect customer told us, in no uncertain terms, that he knew more than we did about measuring shade sails.
This customer who knew nothing at all about shade sails followed our instructions!

THE THREE MEASURING STEPS

STEP 1: When you have your first idea and rough plan use the online quote system to get a approximate idea of the cost of the shade sail.
STEP 2: Once you have created your final plan use these dimensions to another more accurate cost estimate
STEP 3: This is the most important quote. After all your mountings are in position, ready for the shade sail, take measurements for the final quote
It is VERY IMPORTANT that the measurements are from the inside of each mounting point as shown above. Avoid using string (it can stretch) or a tape measure (it will sag) instead use builders twine or laser. Tension is critical so a bit too short is OK, too long a disaster.

UNDERSTANDING OUR SHAPES FOR THE 3 TO 8 SIDED SHADE SAILS

The six shade sail shapes are guides to the points we need measurements from. They are NOT indicative of the final shape of the shade sail, that is determined by your input.
We require the measurements to be plan view (looking down from above).

Always have the point A at top left and then B to the right and continue clockwise. When dealing with 5 or more sides it is essential that point B can connect directly with all other points, for example point B connecting to D through C is not correct.

Sometimes when getting a quote you will get a nil value this will be because a dimension was wrong. The system uses a series of triangles to build the shape. If any triangle has 2 sides with a combined length that is less than the third side then there is not a triangle to compute.

UNDERSTANDING ALLOWANCES

Click the image on the left (or above on a phone) to see the points that we need the measurements for - the area in green. When you select "allowance" we will make the sail as per the yellow coloured area.

Direction of tension!

This is how the allowance is calculated. In the diagram of a rectangle the direction of tension is obvious, as it would be in a triangle but anything else needs our computer software to calculate it so we strongly advise that you leave it to us.

Extra 3%!

At the point of time you place the order, not before, you will be offered the opportunity for us to reduce the overall dimensions by 3%. All our professional installers opt for this and about 75% of retail customers. This reduction provides an extra element to tensioning the sail and allows for re-tensioning over time. Candidly it makes it more difficult to install but the result is worth it!

ACTUAL EXAMPLE OF AN ORDER







On the left (or above) are three images.

The top one is the customer input on the quotation system for a large 8 sided shade sail.

The next one is the CAD that our system produced for the customer to verify before we manufactured the sail.

The final is of the finished shade sail.

Click on bottom two to see full size images.

Look carefully on the CAD for the lines with 32 by them, these are where the turnbuckles will go but what you will observe is the position of the line which is in the direction of tension, as mentioned above. You will see that this direction of tension can only be achieved by the computer. You will also note how B connects with all points.
We hope this page has been helpful to you. Please also look at 'DESIGNING SHADE SAILS' and 'SHADE SAIL INSTALLATION' in the HOW TO menu item.